Friday 20 November 2020 19:11
Renaissance in Italy: Gallery of Memories
The Italian Renaissance era or the rebirth era occurred towards the end of the 14th century. Some Italian intellectuals proclaimed that they were living in a new era. Over the years, it has become a period notable for the art, architecture, and cultural innovations synonymous with Italy. Although Renaissance in Italy began in Tuscany, it […]
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The Italian Renaissance era or the rebirth era occurred towards the end of the 14th century. Some Italian intellectuals proclaimed that they were living in a new era. Over the years, it has become a period notable for the art, architecture, and cultural innovations synonymous with Italy.
Although Renaissance in Italy began in Tuscany, it later spread across to other major cities in Italy, like Florence and Siena. Famous figures like Leonardo Da Vinci, Fra Angelico, Galileo Galilei, etc. were humanists who contributed to the growth of this era. As a result of the changes in the culture of the people during this period, the governmental structure changed as well. Cities had their independent government and the economy. Each of these cities was controlled by the Hanseatic League who regulated the commerce and defense of their market towns.
A cursory look at
the Renaissanceperiod shows that this singular occurrence changed the various aspects of people’s lives. It affected music, food, architecture, religious beliefs, and education. We will examine how the renaissance affected these aspects of people’s lives. Art, architecture, and intellectualism during the renaissance period in Italy.
The Renaissance era gave rise to most of the famous fine art, architecture, and designs that have now become the national of the country. Many of the works of art, music, and dance were created to paint the picture of the people’s way of life. The renaissance literature shaped the literary publications of most European countries. Some of those that spearhead the change include Luigi Pulci, Ludovico Ariosto, Marsilio Ficino, etc.
Also, some of the modern-day architecture can be traced back to the renaissance era. Artists and designers created masterpieces that remain untouchable and evergreen, even in our contemporary art culture. Two of these notable artworks are Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa and Michelangelo’s David.
The science and technological innovations during the renaissance period led to the discovery of new modern machines and equipment. The humanists believed that
man was the center of his own universe, which was contrary to the Catholic church’s doctrine. And as part of the cultural change in that era, they encouraged people to learn about subject matters through the scientific process of observation and experimentation. Although the medieval church at that time frowned at their teachings; they were undeterred in their quest for knowledge. Famous scientists in the era include
Leonardo da Vinci, who is renowned for his study of flying machines and submarines. Galileo Galilei also had great success that changed the cause of human endeavor. He built a powerful telescope to prove the teachings of the religious body to be wrong. Their contributions and studies led to the creation of modern machines.
Towards the end of the 15th century, Italy had been affected by war. The leaders of most European countries fought for the control of resources in the unconquered colonies around them. These battles were followed by the
battle for dominationbetween the Pope and the Holy Roman Empire. The Catholic church had also begun a brutal crackdown on humanists who professed teachings contrary to the church.
Men of different works dominated the renaissance era. Some of them were artists, musicians, scientists, sculptors, and they had multiple talents like Da Vinci. These men, through their works, changed the scholarly, cultural, and historical narrative of Italy. This list is not exhaustive, but we will quickly discuss some of the achievements of these famous figures.
He was one of the few men who made impacts in more than one field. He was an engineer, painter, sculptor, and architect. His artistic works still grace the popular museums and institutions of the world. The famous St Peter’s Basilica is donned with his art, and the frescoes he created can be found in Sistine Chapel. Another of his notable artworks is the statue of David. As an artist, his work had a significant influence on the growth of modern-day art.
Leonardo Da Vinci lived between 1452 and 1519. He was one of the few prodigies who left their marks in various fields of human endeavor. He was extremely gifted in science, art and architecture, paintings and frescoes, and drawings. He was also talented in human biology, botany, mathematics, engineering, and sculpting. As an engineer, he designed the first machine described as the beginning of modern-day airplanes. His masterpieces in painting and sculpting are unmatched, even in our present-day art culture. Some of his famous artworks include the Last Supper, the Vitruvian Man, and the Mona Lisa. He is best described as a genius.
Leonardo da Vinci, Vitruvian Man
Filippo Brunelleschi is another crucial figure that contributed to the artwork during the renaissance era. He lived between 1377 and 1446. He was famous for his architectural works and sculpting works. Although he lived in the city of Florence, his art was prominent in shaping the art culture of other renaissance artists. He created the popular Baptistery of San Giovanni bronze door panels and also the dome of the Florence cathedral between 1420 and 1436.
Although Raffaello lived in Da Vinci’s and Michelangelo’s era of the renaissance period, his artworks were the cornerstones of Italian renaissance art. He had the magical touch to creating works that had a clarity of form and depict human emotions. His artwork is the School of Athens painting in the Room of the Signatura (Stanza Della Segnatura). This famous work can still be found in the Vatican Palace.
The renaissance in Italy was one of the defining eras that have influenced the various aspects of human endeavor. Although it was short-lived, yet the progress made by the humanists in that period is prevalent even in our contemporary time. This era of human growth will be remembered forever, thanks to its beauty and refinement.
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