Quirinale

Piazza del Quirinale - 00187 Rome
Trevi [R.II]
Centro Storico [1A]

The hill is 61 meters high. It was called so after the temple of the Quirino god who raised on the hill after the victory of Romolus over the Sabines. Otherwise the name derives from the Curi town from where according to the legend the Sabines of Tazio moved to settle down on this rise. Beyond the Quirino temple other sanctuaries rose up here the exact location of which has not been established yet.

The hill consists of the hilly massif divided by the Pincio from the north by means of the Salustiana Valley and from the Viminale on the South by means of the Quirino Valley, then by San Vitale. On the north-western and southern sides
the vertical walls were set up here with steep accesses in the antiquity. It had four hights: Collis Latiaris (the Blessed Domenico and Sisto, Magnanapoli), il Collis Mucialis o Sanqualis (Villa Colonna and Palazzo del Quirinale), Collis Salutaris (between via della Dateria and via Quattro Fontane) and Collis Quirinalis (between via Quattro Fontane and the San Vitale church).
The hights were removed by the construction of papal palaces.

The Quirinale had a big strategic importance being united to the Capitoline by a saddle cut by Traiano then firmly strengthened with few gates, and then enclosed within the Servian walls. In the Augustus's division the hill is included into the VIth area (Alta Semita). In the imperial epoch the areal borders were moved by the new Aurelian wall which included ex-suburban areas. Constantine transformed the baths to the area of the contemporate palaces of the Consulta and Rospigliosi. From the end of the Republican age within all the Empire it became a quarter of aristocratic character.

On the summit of Monte Quirinale Piazza del Quirinale is stretched out from where one can reach Palazzo del Quirinale.

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